Disaster Risk Reduction
Children's Charter for Disaster Risk Reduction
Disaster Risk Reduction: UNICEF Programme Guidance Note
UNICEF and Child Centred Disaster Risk Reduction, UNICEF, 2012
UNICEF Global DRR Mapping and Global UNICEF DRR Initiatives
UNICEF has long recognized the importance of disaster risk reduction. At the global level, UNICEF plays a role not only in strengthening the ISDR System but is an active participant in a number of global, regional and national DRR networks. At the country level, UNICEF is uniquely placed to strengthen its programming on DRR given its presence and focus on building partnerships with government and civil society from the national to the community level. UNICEF should promote and help ensure adequate and specific focus on the rights and vulnerabilities of girls, boys, adolescents and women. In line with emergency risk informed programming and building on the mainstreaming of emergency preparedness and response all UNICEF Focus Areas in the framework of the MTSP provide an opportunity to prepare for, prevent and mitigate disaster risk.
DRR is an important component of the UNICEF Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action (CCCs). DRR programme actions feature prominently in the revised CCCs, in recognition of the fact that disaster risk reduction is essential to their realisation. In addition to clarifying UNICEF's commitments to children in terms of standards and benchmarks to be measured during emergencies, the CCCs formalize a new thrust of humanitarian action as representing a set of principles, approaches and specific interventions that cover preparedness, response and early recovery, and thus bridge the gap between development and humanitarian programming. This vision is informed by the foundation principles that guide UNICEF's work overall, namely a Human Rights-Based Approach to Cooperation and Gender Mainstreaming and a commitment to apply humanitarian principles. Emergency Risk Informed Programming and Capacity Development are key approaches that underpin this vision of humanitarian action.
Policy and Standards
|Sendai Framework for DRR, UNICEF, 2015||Emergency Risk Information Situation Analysis, UNICEF, 2012||Children's Charter for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNICEF/Plan/Save the Children/World Vision, 2011||UNICEF Programme Guidance Note on DRR, UNICEF, 2010||Emergency Risk Informed Programming Process, UNICEF, 2010||Early Warning Early Action, UNICEF's Emergency Preparedness and Response System, UNICEF (requires Intranet access)|
Guidelines and Tools
- Child Protection
- Climate Change
- UNICEF Summary Document: DRR and WASH
- UNICEF Technical Note: DRR and WASH
- Disaster Risk Reduction and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene...Comprehensive Guidance: A guideline for field practitioners planning and implementing wash interventions (WASH Cluster, 2011)
- Global WASH Cluster
- PreventionWeb: Water
- UNICEF Summary Document: DRR and Education
- UNICEF Technical Note: DRR and Education
- Disaster Risk Reduction in Education in Emergencies: A guidance note for education clusters and sector coordination groups (Plan International/Save the Children/UNICEF)
- INEE Toolkit: Disaster Risk Reduction (INEE/Education Cluster)
- Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction (INEE/UNISDR/World Bank, 2009)
- Children and disasters: Building resilience through education (GFDRR/UNICEF/UNISDR, 2011)
- Methodology for Nationwide Benchmarking of School Safety (UNICEF, 2011)
- UNICEF/UNESCO Mapping of Global DRR Integration into Education Curricula Consultancy - Final Report (UNESCO/UNICEF, 2011)
- Towards a Culture of Prevention: Disaster Risk Reduction Begins at School (UNISDR/UNESCO, 2007)
- UNICEF Intranet: Education in Emergencies
- UNICEF Internet: School Design and Construction
- Global Education Cluster
- PreventionWeb: Education and School Safety
- UNICEF Programme Guidance Note on Climate Change (forthcoming)
- Climate Change and Environmental Education: A Companion to the Child Friendly Schools Manual (UNICEF, 2012)
- Red Cross/Red Crescent Climate Guide (IFRC, 2007)
- Children in a Changing Climate
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
- PreventionWeb: Climate Change
Lessons Learned on DRR
- To ‘build back better’ in the sense of reducing risk there is a need of more in-depth multidisciplinary vulnerability assessment analysis.
- Disaster risk reduction project in schools.
- The period immediately following a natural disaster or the early stage of a post-conflict transition period may provide a window of opportunity for NCD on preparedness.
- Pre-positioning of supplies can be critical but the effectiveness of this can be undermined without the complementary logistics support and strong warehouse management capacity, by both UNICEF and national partners.
- There are a number of small tools and checklists that can help measure your state of preparedness but there is no one way to measure the mindset of people; the best wakeup call seems to be provided by a well run simulation.
- Community based preparedness activities can provide space and opportunity to address gender-based exclusion: involvement of women in community projects can challenge traditional roles, contribute to a more liberal, equitable community and aid projects’ sustainability.
- For community based preparedness capacity, the training of trainers can be an important activity to sustain community based task forces' motivation between emergencies.
- While building the capacity of authorities is a long-term undertaking, each CO must know the ‘real’ present capacity of the authorities to coordinate and/or respond and work it into its preparedness plan.
- Following a disaster, galvanize community interest in prevention to develop disaster risk reduction strategies.
- Especially in insecure environments, contingency and scenario planning remains imperative to informing programme design and implementation.
- Communicating and promoting the acceptance of and confidence in early warning information is as important as systems development; without it, early warning info may produce no action.
- In slow onset emergencies, preparedness measures for pastoral communities require attention regarding when response/relief processes begin; this movement of humans and herds can indicate expected condition changes and inform early warning systems.